People List

Understanding the words used in the Bible is important. Here are three lists - Words, People, and Places. These lists will help you to read and understand the Bible. Any word on this site with an * beside it is defined in these lists.

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Aaron was the brother of Moses.  He helped him lead the people out of Egypt.  He was the first high priest.  But he did not always lead the people in a wise way.


Abraham is the father of all of the Jews.  His name was Abram.  Then God changed his name.  God made a promise to him.  He said that Abraham’s family would become a great nation.  God would bless* all of the other nations through one of his children.


Absalom was David’s son.  He turned against his father and tried to take the kingdom* from him.  He died in battle.  This made David very sad.


Adam was the first man that God made.  God made Adam from the dust of the ground.


Adonijah was a son of David.  He thought he would be the next king.  But David decided that he would not be the next king.  Solomon would be king instead.


Agrippa was a Roman.  He was a ruler when Paul was in prison.  He heard Paul speak and said that he should not be in prison.  But he did not let him go free.


Agur was not from the family of Jacob.  But he was very wise.  Many of his wise words are included in the book of Proverbs.


Amaziah was a king of Judah.  He was king before the exile*.  He won a great battle. But he did not follow God’s ways.


Ammon was one of the sons of Lot with one of his daughters.  Ammon became a nation east of the Jordan River.  The Ammonites often fought against Israel*.


Amos was a prophet*who spoke to the people of Israel*.  His book is one of the books of the minor prophets*.


An angel is a spirit* being.  God created* them to serve him.  Sometimes, he used the angels to carry a message for him.  God made so many angels that we can not count them.  But not all of the angels followed God.  Some of them turned away from him.  They became the enemies of God.  They became known as evil* spirits*.  Satan* is their leader.  Some day, God will throw Satan* and his angels into a fire that never goes out.


Apollos was a Jew* who followed Jesus.  He could speak well.  He helped people in Ephasus know how to follow Jesus.


An Apostle was a man sent to speak for Jesus.  Jesus chose these men.  Each of them spent time with Jesus.  Each of them saw Jesus after he came back from death.  God used them to start his church* and give us the New Testament*.


Asaph helped people worship* during the time David was king.  He wrote many songs.  Some of these songs are included in the book of Psalms.


The Assyrians were the enemies of God’s people.  They lived in the land of Assyria.  They had a great army.  They made war against God’s people for many years.  One day, they came and carried many people away.


Balaam was a prophet*.  But he was not a prophet* from Israel*.  One of the foreign kings asked him to curse* the army of Israel*.  He would not do it.  But he was not a good man or a wise prophet*.  He was on his way to do a foolish thing when the animal he was riding would not go any further.  When he spoke to the animal, the animal spoke back to him.


The Beast is one of the enemies of God in the last book of the Bible.  He tries to fight against God.  But Jesus overcomes him.  He puts the Beast into a fire that never goes out.


Belshazzar was a king in Babylon.  He had a party.  During the party, he brought out the things his father took from the temple*.  He showed no respect for these things.  He showed no respect for God.  A hand appeared and wrote a message on the wall.  Soon after that, the Persians destroyed Babylon.


Benjamin was the youngest son of Jacob.  His land was in the south.  After Israel broke in two, his family stayed in the land of Judah.  Years later, Paul was born into this family.


Bildad was one of the friends of Job.  He gave Job some advice.  His advice was not helpful.


Boaz lived during the time of the judges.  He owned land in Israel*.  When he saw a young woman getting grain from his field, he became interested in her.  Not long after, he took her as his wife.  Her name was Ruth.


These were the people from the land of Canaan.  Before the children of Abraham lived there, the land was called Canaan.  This was the name of the land that God promised to give Abraham.


Caesar was the title for the king of the Romans.  The Bible mentions many of these men.  The first one was the king who was in control when Jesus was born.


Cain was the son of Adam and Eve.  He became angry with God and killed his brother.


Caleb was a soldier during the time of Moses.  He was a friend of Joshua.  He went into the land that God gave to Abraham.


Christ is a title that is used to name Jesus.  It means ‘the chosen one’.  It is a way that the early Christians said that Jesus was the Messiah*.


The word Christian means one who follows Christ.  This was not a name that they chose for themselves.  People started calling them Christians because they were always talking about Christ.  They lived the way that Jesus lived too.


Colossians were the people who lived in the city of Colosse.  There were many people there who believed in Jesus.  Paul met many people from this city.  He wrote a letter to help them know more about Jesus.  That letter is now a part of the Bible.


Cornelius was a Roman soldier.  But he showed respect for the God of Israel*.  An angel* came to him and told him to go and get Peter.  Peter had some words for him.  He did send for Peter.  He came.  Cornelius believed what Peter said.  He is the first Gentile* mentioned in the book of Acts.


Creator is the name used for God because he made all things.  He created*all of the things we can see and things that we can not see.


Cyrus was the King of Persia.  He told the Jews that they could go back to their land after they had been in exile*.


Daniel was a prophet* during the exile*.  He lived in Babylon.  God helped him know how to understand dreams.  God told him many things about the future.


David was the king of all of Israel*.  God made a promise to David.  He told David that one of his son’s would be king for ever.


Deborah was one of the judges.  She helped Israel* overcome her enemies.  She was also like a prophet*.  She spoke for God to the people.  Her story can be found in the book of the Judges.  One of her songs is recorded there as well.


The Devil is another name for Satan.  Satan is the leader of the evil* spirits*.  He is the enemy of God.  He came into the garden to fool Adam and Eve.  He caused Job many problems.  But God will not let him go without being punished for ever.  God will throw him into a fire that will never go out.


Elihu was one of the friends of Job.  He gave Job some advice.  His advice was not helpful.


Elijah was a prophet*.  He spoke for God to the people of Israel*.  The king did not like Elijah.   The queen did not like him either.  But God watched over him.  He did many wonders in Israel*.  He overcame many of the prophets*of the false god Baal.


Eliphaz was one of the friends of Job.  He gave Job some advice.  His advice was not helpful.


Elisha was a prophet*.  For many years, he helped Elijah.  When Elijah went to be with God, Elisha took his place.  He did many wonders in the land.  God gave him great power.


Elizabeth had a son in her old age. She named him John.  He became a prophet*. One day, he baptized* Jesus. She was related to Mary, the mother of  Jesus. Mary went to visit her before she gave birth to Jesus.


Epaphroditus was a leader in the church* at Philippi.  He came to visit Paul when he was in prison.  He brought him money as well.  While he was there, he got sick.  When he got better, he went back home.  Paul called him a brother and a partner.


Ephesians were people were from the city of Ephesus.  There was a strong church* there.  Paul spent time there and taught them many things.  He wrote a letter to the people there.  That letter is now a part of the Bible*.


Esau was the oldest son of Isaac.  His did not get the blessing that should have been his. His children did not follow God.


Esther lived in the land of Persia.  She was a Jew*.  She became the queen.  She helped to save her people from their enemies.


Eve was the first woman God made.  God made Eve from a bone from Adam’s side.


Ezekiel was a priest and a prophet*.  He lived in Babylon during the exile*.  He spoke for God to the people there.  God asked him to do many strange things to get his message to the people.  He always obeyed.  He told them that God would punish Babylon.  And they would go back to their home land some day.


Ezra was a priest after the exile*.  He led some of the people back to the land.  He taught them to follow God again.

False Prophet (the)

The False Prophet* is one of the enemies of God in the last book of the Bible.  He tells lies and fools many people.


Gaius was a leader in church* and a friend of John.  He says many good things about this man in his letter.


These were the people who lived in an area called Galatia.  There were many cities in that area.  It belonged to Rome.  But there were many churches there.  Paul wrote them a letter.  He was concerned that they no longer believed what he told them.  He told them to stand against false teachers.


Gentile was the name given to any people that were not Jews*.  No matter what nation people came from, if they were not Jews*, they were called Gentiles*.


Giants are men or women that are very big – much bigger than most people.  There were giants in the land when David was a young man.  They lived in the land for many years after that too.


Gideon was one of the judges.  He drove Israel’s* enemies out of the land.  God came to him and told him what to do.  Gideon had a very small army.  But he overcame a large army with God’s help.


Goliath was a giant who fought for the enemies of Israel*.  David killed him with a stone.


Gomer was the wife of Hosea the prophet*.  She was not loyal to him.


Habakkuk was a prophet*.  He spoke for God to the people of Judah.  He was unhappy about the many problems in Judah.  So he asked God to make things right.  God spoke to him and said that he was going to send an evil* nation to punish Judah.  This did not make Habakkuk happy.  He told us the story in his book.


Hagar was Sarah’s maid.  Abraham had a child with her.  This caused many problems.


Haggai was a prophet*.  He spoke for God to the people who returned from exile*.  He wanted them to return to God.  He told them to repair the temple*.


Haman was a servant of the king of Persia.  He hated the Jews*.  He decided he would make a plan to kill them.  But Mordecai discovered his plan.  When the king found out that Haman was a bad man, he hanged him.  His plan did not work and the Jews* did not die.


Hezekiah was a king of Judah.  While he was the king, an army overcame Israel* and Samaria in the north.  He did many good things.  He repaired the temple*.  He made the priest help people worship* God again.  But his life did not end well.  Enemies came to Judah that he could not overcome.  They took away the wealth of the land and of the temple*.


Hosea was a prophet*.  He spoke for God to the people of Israel*.  God told Hosea to marry a woman.  This woman was not loyal to Hosea.  So God used this to show that Israel* had not been loyal to God either.


Isaac was the son of Abraham.  God gave him to Abraham in his old age.  He was the son that God had promised him.


Isaiah was a prophet* in Judah.  He spoke for God to the kings of Judah.  He wrote a book that is part of the major prophets*.


Israel was the name God gave to Jacob.  He had 12 sons.  His children were called the children of Israel.  Israel also became the name of the nation that grew from his family.  When the people got into the land God gave them, Israel was the name they gave it.


Jacob was the son of Isaac.  He had many sons.  God spoke with Jacob and changed his name to Israel*.  His children became known as the children of Israel*.  When there was no food in the land, they went to Egypt to find food.  Jacob died there.  His family stayed there for 400 years.


James was a leader in the first church*.  He was a brother of Jesus.  He wrote a letter that is part of the Bible*.


Jephthah was a judge*.  He helped keep the people of Israel* safe.  He also made a foolish promise.


Jeremiah was a prophet* to the people who lived in Jerusalem.  He lived before the city was burned.


Jeroboam was a king.  The nation of Israel* became two nations.  One nation was in the north.  One nation was in the south.  Jeroboam became the first king of the nation in the north.  That nation was named Israel*.


Jesse was a man from the family of Judah.  He had many sons.  God chose his son David to be the king of Israel*.


Jesus is the son of God.  He came into the world to rescue people from their sin*.  He is the Messiah* that people waited for for so long.


A Jew is person who is from the family of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.  A Jew is a person who believes the faith* of the Jews.  They are also called Hebrews*.  Anyone who was a part of the nation of Israel* became known as a Jew*.


Jezebel was the evil* queen of King Ahab.  She was angry with Elijah.  She wanted to kill him.  She did not succeed.  She died a terrible death.


Joab was a soldier.  He was part of the army of king David.  He helped him fight against his enemies.


Job was a man who followed God.  He suffered many things for a long time.  Satan* took his family and made him sick.  But God gave him back all that he had lost.


Joel was a prophet* to Judah.  He said that God would judge* the nations some day.  He called that day the ‘Day of the Lord*’.


John was an Apostle*.  He was a very close friend of Jesus as well.  He listened carefully to Jesus and wrote many of the things he said in his book.  When he was an old man, God gave him a vision*.  He wrote what he saw in the last book of the Bible.

John the Baptist

John the Baptist was the man who went before Jesus to prepare the way.  He called people to turn from their sin*.  He baptized* Jesus.


Jonah was a prophet*.  God told him to go speak to Nineveh.  Jonah tried to run away.  A big fish swallowed him.  Then he did what God asked him to do.  But he was not happy when people turned back to God.


Joseph was the favourite son of his father Jacob.  His brothers hated him.  They sold him to people that were going to Egypt.  He faced many difficult things.  But God used him to rescue his family when there was no food to eat.


When Moses died, Joshua became the leader of God’s people.  He led them into the land God promised them.

Joshua the High Priest

Joshua was the High Priest after the exile*.  He served at the temple* when the people came back to Israel*.


Josiah was a king in Judah.  He became king when he was just a boy.  He grew to become one of Judah’s best kings.  He pushed the foreign armies out of the land.  He made repairs to the temple*.  When he found the ‘book of the law of Moses’ in the temple*, he led the people to worship* God again.  The people followed Josiah for many years.


Judah was one of the sons of Jacob.  When his father was dying, he blessed* him.  He said that his family would rule the others.  David was from that family.  Many years later, Jesus was born from the family of Judah.


Jude was the brother of Jesus.  He wrote a letter to warn the church* about false teachers.


God chose new leaders after Joshua died.  These men and women were called judges.  They helped keep Israel* safe from its enemies.


Korah was from the family of Levi.  He was unhappy with Moses.  So he tried to turn the people away from following him.  But God was not pleased with Korah.  God opened a large hole in the earth.  Korah and his friends fell in and the earth swallowed them up.

Lamb of God (The)

The Lamb was the name that John called Jesus.  The name was like a title.  It means that Jesus is like a small sheep that someone brought to sacrifice* at the temple*.


Lazarus was a friend of Jesus.  Jesus sometimes stayed at his home.  He became sick and died.  Jesus raised him from the dead.


Lemuel was a king.  He was wise.  Some of the wise things he said are included in the book of Proverbs.


Levi was one of the sons of Jacob.  The men from his family became priests.  They helped the people worship* God.  They took care of God’s Tent.


Levites was the name given to the sons of Levi.  They were the priest for God’s people.  They helped the people worship* God.  They took care of God’s Tent.


The Lord is the name that is used most often of God.  It tells us that God is the One who is in control.  There is no one with more authority than God.  Jesus is also called Lord* in the New Testament*.


Luke was a man who followed Jesus.  He was not an Apostle*.  But he knew many of these men and heard their stories.  He sometimes went with Paul on his trips.  His book about Jesus is in the Bible.  It is one of the gospels*.


The Maker is the name used for God because he made all things.  He created* all of the things we can see and things that we can not see.


Malachi was a prophet*.  He spoke to the people of Judah that came back from the exile.  His book is the last book of the minor prophets*.


Mark was a young man when he began to follow Jesus.  He spent time with Peter.  He told the story of Jesus in the book that bears his name.


Mary was the mother of Jesus.  She cared for him as a boy.  She was there when he died on the cross*.  Remember: There are many different women named Mary in the New Testament*.


Matthew collected taxes before he met Jesus.  Jesus called him to leave his job and follow him.  Matthew was an Apostle*.


Melchizadek was a priest.  He met Abraham and blessed* him.  The book of Hebrews says that Jesus was a priest like him.


Messiah is a title.  It means ‘the one God chose to anoint*’.  Samuel put oil on David to show that God had chosen him to be king.  So the Jews used the name Messiah to refer to the king that God would send to rescue the people.  He was the king who would build God’s kingdom*.  That kingdom* would last for ever.  So people called this king the Messiah.  He was the one God chose.


Micah was a prophet*.  He spoke to the people of Israel* before the army of Assyria attacked them.


Moab was a son of Lot and one of his daughters.  Moab was a kingdom to the east of the kingdom of Judah.  Moab fought against Israel for many years.


Mordecai was Esther’s uncle.  He was a Jew.  He knew that some bad people wanted to kill all of the Jews.  He helped Esther stop them from hurting the Jews.


Moses was born in Egypt when Jacob’s family lived there.  God chose Moses to help the Jews.  He rescued them and brought them out of Egypt.


Naaman was a soldier.  He was the leader of the army of a foreign king.  He was a brave man.  But he was a very sick.  He came to Elisha to see if he would help.  Elisha told him to go bathe in the river seven times.  This made Naaman angry at first.  But when he did what Elisha told him to do, he was healed and made clean.

Nadab and Abihu

Nadab was the oldest son of Aaron.  He and Abihu were priests.  But they did not follow the instruction of the Lord*.  They did not burn the offering the way they were supposed to.  So God sent fire to kill them both.


Nahum was a prophet*.  He lived In Judah.  He spoke for God against the people of Ninevah.  Years before he spoke, Ninevah had come down into Israel*.  The army was very cruel.  They killed many people.  They took many people away in exile*.  Now God was going to punish them.  He would send an army to destroy Ninevah.  God would make it so.  There was nothing they could do to stop him.


Naomi was a woman from the land of Israel*.  She lived during the time of the judges.  She went to another land to find food when there was no food in Israel*.  Her husband died there.  When she came back to her home, a young woman named Ruth came with her.


Nathan was a prophet* during the time of David.  He told David what God wanted to say.  He told David a story that led him to repent* of the sin* he had done.


Nebuchadnezzar was the king of Babylon.  He came to Israel* with his army.  After many years of war, he came in and burned the temple*.  He took many people away into exile*.


Nehemiah served the king of Persia.  He was a Jew*.  He heard that his people needed help.  He went back to the land.  He helped the people build the wall.


Nicodemus was a ruler of the Jews*.  He came to Jesus to ask him some important questions.  He was there when Jesus died.  He helped to bury his body.


Noah was the man God chose to build a boat.  When the flood came, Noah and his family were safe in the boat.  God covered the land with water and all of the other people died.  God told Noah and his family to fill the earth with people again after that.


Obadiah was a prophet*.  He spoke for God to the people of Edom.  The nation had not been kind to Judah.  Now God would not be kind to them.  A powerful army would come against them.  No one would remember them after that.  But God would bring his people back to their land.  This is what he promised to do.


Onesimus was a slave.  He ran away from his master.  He met Paul and helped him when he was in prison.  He also believed what Paul said about Jesus.  Paul sent a letter to his master to ask him to be kind to him.  That letter is now part of the Bible.


Paul was a man that did not believe in Jesus.  His name was Saul then.  Jesus came to him and made him an Apostle*.  That is when Jesus changed his name to Paul.  He wrote many letters.  Some of those letters are now in the Bible*.

Peter/Simon Peter

Peter was an Apostle*.  He was one of the first people to see Jesus after he came back from death.  God used him to help the church* get started.


Pharaoh was the title for the king in Egypt.  There was a Pharaoh in Egypt when Moses lived there.  He did not want to let the people of Israel* leave.  But God did many miracles* and he changed his mind.


Pharisees were men who were leaders of the Jews* when Jesus was on earth.  They tried to follow the laws of Moses.  They did not want people to follow Jesus.  They were the people who wanted Jesus to be killed.


Philemon was a friend of Paul.  He was wealthy and owned many slaves.  Paul knew one of the slaves that had run away from Philemon.  He wrote him a letter to ask him to take that slave back.  He wanted him to think of the slave as a brother.


Philip served the new church* in Jerusalem.  He helped give food to the widows there.  God used him to tell many people about Jesus in many places.


Philippians were people from the city of Philippi.  There were many people there that believed the good news about Jesus.  Paul wrote a letter to the church* there.  He wanted to thank them for helping him do his work.  That letter is now part of the Bible*.


The priests in Israel* were the men who helped people worship* God.  The priest began to do this work when Moses was the leader.  They took care of God’s Tent.  They made the sacrifices* for the people.  When Solomon built the temple*, they took care of it.  They served the people up until the time that Jesus lived and for many years after.


Prophets were men that spoke for God.  God told them what to say and they told people what God had said.

Queen of Sheba

This queen visited Solomon to see his city and look at his kingdom*.  She was impressed with what he had done.


Rahab was a woman who lived in Jericho.  When Joshua sent men to look at the land, she hid them and kept them safe.  Later, the army of Israel* spared her and her family.

Rechabites (the)

The Rechabites were a family that Jeremiah talked about in his book.  They made a promise to their father.  They would not break that promise even when the prophet* told them to.


Rehoboam was the son of king Solomon.  When Solomon died, he became king of all of Israel*.  But he was not wise.  He told the people that they must pay more taxes and work harder than they did for his father.  The people turned against him.  Ten families in the north broke away.  They made their own nation and chose their own king.  Rehoboam stayed in Judah and became its first king.


Romans were the people who lived in the city of Rome.  Or they were people who were part of the nation ruled from Rome.


Ruth married one of Naomi’s sons.  She followed Naomi and her God.  She married Boaz. Her story is found in the book of Ruth.


Samaritans were the people that lived in Samaria.  They were part Jews*, but they did not worship* the same way that the Jews* did.  The Jews*did not like the Samaritans.


Samson was a judge* in Israel*.  He had long hair.  That hair was a sign that he was set apart for God.  It made him very strong.  He won many battles.  But he was not careful to obey God.  He killed many of the enemies of God when he died.


Samuel was the last of the judges* of Israel.  He was also a prophet*.  God used him to make David the king of Israel*.

Sanballat and Tobia

These two men lived in Jerusalem after the exile*.  When the people came back to the land, these two men tried to oppose them.  They tried to stop them from repairing the wall that surrounded the city.


Sarah was the wife of Abraham.  God promised that she would have a son when she was old.  She gave birth to a son named Isaac.


Satan is the leader of the evil* spirits.  He is the enemy of God.  He came into the garden to fool Adam and Eve.  He caused Job many problems.  But God will not let him go without being punished for ever.  God will throw him into a fire that will never go out.


Saul was the first king of Israel*.  He was a strong leader at first.  But he was not patient and careful to obey God.  Saul died and David became king.


The serpent was the animal that spoke to Eve in the garden.  The serpent was really Satan*.  He lied to Eve and got her to doubt God.

Servant of the Lord

Silas was one of Paul’s friends.  They went many places.  They told people the good news about Jesus.  They helped the churches every place they went.


The Shulamite is a name for the woman in the book of the Song of Solomon.  She loved a young man.  He loved her.  The book is about what they said to each other.


Silas was one of Paul’s friends.  They went many places.  They told people the good news about Jesus.  They helped the churches every place they went.

Simon Peter

Simon Peter was an Apostle*.  He was one of the first people to see Jesus after he came back from death.  God used him to help the church* get started.  He is best known by the name Peter.


Solomon was David’s son.  He was the king after David died.  God made him very wise.


Stephen was part of the first church* in Jerusalem.  The people trusted him.  When the widows needed food, the church* asked Stephen to help them.  He died because he spoke about Jesus.  Some of the Jews* were angry with him.  They threw stones at him until he died.


Thessalonians were the people from Thessalonica. Paul visited that place on one of his trips.  Many people listened to him.  Many of them decided to follow Jesus.  He wrote two letters to them.  Both of those letters are now part of the Bible.


Thomas was an Apostle*.  He was there when Jesus died.  But he was not there the first time people saw Jesus after he rose from death.  So Thomas doubted.  But, when he did see Jesus, he believed.


Timothy was a young man who was like a son to Paul.  He helped lead the church* and choose leaders for it.  Paul wrote two letters to help him know how to care for the church*.


Titus was a young man that helped Paul.  He also helped God’s people in many ways.  Paul wrote him a letter so he would know how to care for the church*.  That letter is now in the Bible*.


Tychicus was a friend of Paul.  He went with him on some of his trips.  He helped him collect money for the poor people in Jerusalem.  When Paul wrote his letter to Ephesus, Tychicus took it there for him.


Uzzah was a man that lived during the time of David.  He saw the special ark* of God come by on a wagon.  He thought it was going to fall off so he touched it.  When he touched the ark*, God took away his life.


Uzziah was a king in Israel*.  He lived during the time of Isaiah.  He did many good things.  Soon after he died, Isaiah went to the temple* and had a special vision* of God.


Vashti was the queen of Persia.  She would not dance at the kings party.  So the king decided to choose a new queen.  After some time, Esther became the next queen.


Vashti was the queen of Persia.  She would not dance at the kings party.  So the king decided to choose a new queen.  After some time, Esther became the next queen.


Zechariah was a prophet*.  He was also a priest*.  He spoke for God to the people of Judah.  He was a prophet* after the people came back from exile*.  He told the people to remember God and finish the work on the temple*.


Zephaniah was a prophet*.  He spoke for God to the people of Judah.  He saw many things that needed to be changed.  The people were not living for God.  They were not acting in kind ways to one another.  He told them to repent*.  It is possible that his words led King Josiah to lead the people back to God.


Zerubbabel was a Jew*.  He was born in Babylon.  He was from the family of David.  He led many of the Jews* back to their home land.  Some of the prophets* said that God chose him to lead the people back to the land.


Zophar was one of the friends of Job.  He gave Job some advice.  His advice was not helpful.