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How it works

Understanding the words used in the Bible is important. Here are three lists – Words, People, and Places. These lists will help you to read and understand the Bible. Any word on this site with an * beside it is defined in these lists.

WORD LIST

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PEOPLE

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PLACES AND REGIONS

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WORD LIST

A

Almighty

A name for God. He has great power. No one is stronger than God. He has no enemy that can defeat him. He overcomes all who oppose him.


Altar

A table (usually stone) where the priests burned animals and gave other gifts as a sacrifice* to God or false gods; a high structure with a flat top on which to put a sacrifice* to God or a false god; the ‘holy table’.


Ancestor

A person from your family who lived long ago.


Angel

A spirit* being. They serve God. They bring his messages to people. An angel does good to help the people who trust* in God and are part of God’s family. Some angels fell away from God. These bad angels are called evil* spirits. They are working for Satan*.


Anoint

To mark a person with oil to show that they are chosen for God; to be marked by the Holy Spirit*. The priests and the first kings of Israel had oil put on them when they were chosen.


Apostle

A man chosen by God to lead his church*; one of the 12 men Jesus chose to be his special helpers; one sent to bring a message; any of the 12 witnesses Jesus Christ sent to preach* his gospel*.


Ark

A box made of wood. Moses kept the laws God gave him in this special box. The priest put the box in the holiest place in the temple. The boat Noah built was also called an ark.

B

Baptize

A teacher or leader puts someone under the water for a moment.  Then the person is brought up from the water.  In this way we show that we believe the message.  We have turned from our sin*.  God has made us clean.  After Jesus rose from the grave, this was the way to show that we belong to Christ and his church*.


Believe/Trust

To follow something that you are sure is true; to trust someone; to have confidence in someone. I trust someone when I depend on what they say to be true.


Believer

A person who knows and accepts Jesus as Lord*; a person who trusts*Jesus.


Bible

Another name for the scripture*; the writings of the prophets* and the apostles*; all of the books of the Old and New Testament*.


Bless

To say or do something good for someone; to speak well of someone; to give things to someone to honour them; to ask God to do good to someone; to call for good things to happen to someone; to set someone apart for special benefit.


Blessed

A word to call someone who receives many good things;  a word to call someone who is kept holy*.


Blessings

The good things God does for us. When we ask God to help us receive good things, we are asking for blessings.


Burnt Offering

A gift for God (or a false god) that people brought to be burned.  When the priest killed an animal for a sacrifice*, he burned it and offered it as a gift to God.

C

Christ

The one God has anointed*.  Jesus is the Christ. He is the chosen one from God; the Messiah*.


Christian

A person that follows and believes all about Jesus Christ; a thing which is from Christ; a person who follows what Jesus taught and did.


Church

A group of people who follow and believe in Jesus Christ; a meeting or gathering of those who believe*in Christ; all those who believe*in Christ.


Confess/Confession

To say that you have done wrong things; to say that you believe in God.


Covenant

When two or more people agree together; when God and people agree to something by making a promise; when God and a person or people agree to a special thing.


Creation/Created

When God made the world and everything there is; everything that God has made.


 Cross

Two pieces of wood fixed together.  The Romans punished people by fixing them to a cross to die. Jesus died this way; to carry your cross means not to put yourself first but to put Jesus and other people first in your life.


Curse

To use bad words; to wish evil*upon a person; to speak strong words against a person; when a person is sad because of the bad words that someone has said against them.

D

Disciple

A person who wants to do the same things as another person and learn from them; one who follows another and learns from him; a person who believes in Jesus and follows the things he teaches.


Divine

Things that are of, or from, God.


Devil

Another name for Satan*.  Satan*is the worst of the evil*spirits.  The Devil is the enemy of God and his people.

E

Elder

An older man or woman; the men who led the early church*; a leader of the church*.


Epistle

One of the letters written by one of the first followers of Jesus; a letter from an apostle*.  Many of these letters are a part of the New Testament*part of the Bible.


Eternal

Things that have always been and will always continue to be; a thing that has no beginning or ending; a thing that never changes.


Everlasting

Things that continue for ever.


Evil

Bad; the opposite of good; wicked; doing bad; things that hurt someone.


Evil Spirit

A bad spirit*who works for Satan*and does bad things.


Exile/Exiles

People who have to leave their own land, often for a long time; the times when the Jews*were taken from the land of Israel*.

F

Faith

To believe in someone or something; to agree with, and do the things God teaches; to do what God says even when it seems difficult; to be really sure about the things of God and Jesus his Son; to be sure that the Bible is true. ‘The faith’ means the things that Christians* say are true about Jesus.


Faithful

To be full of faith* and not moving from what you think is true; to be true to do the right thing; to follow God’s ways.


Follower

To go after someone who leads; the men and women who believe in Jesus and do what he says.


Forgive/Forgiven/Forgiveness

To show mercy*and not to remember bad things against someone; to set someone free from wrong things that they do; to let someone go free from punishment. When God forgives us, he does not hold the wrong things we do against us.

 

G

Gentiles

People who are not Jews*; people who do not know God; people of all nations who are not Jews*.


Glory

Everything that makes God beautiful and great; like a great king; a bright light from God or Jesus.


Godless

To be without God; separated from God; someone who does not know, believe in, or care about God.


Gospel

The good news for everybody that God saves people from sin*through Jesus Christ; the good news of the things Jesus has done for us by his life, death and raising from the dead; the message from God to us; the four books at the beginning of the New Testament*.


Grace

A gift of God that we should not get because of the bad things we have done; what God gives because he is so kind to us; the help and safe keeping from God.  We cannot get grace*by working for it.


Guilt/Guilty

When we know we have done wrong things and feel bad about them; when we feel shame for wrong things we have done.

 

H

Heaven

The place where God and Christ are; the future home of the people who know God; the place of happiness and peace*where God lives and rules; the place where people who know God and Jesus will go after they die; the sky God made.


Hebrew

The language of the Jews*; another name for a Jew*; a person from Israel*.


Hell

A place where people are always separated from God; the place where people not knowing God go after death.


Holy/Holiness

What God is like; different and better than all other things; all good with no bad in it; a thing that God has; separate from sin*; clean.


Holy Spirit

The Holy Spirit is God, as is God the Father and God the Son. Jesus promised to send the Holy Spirit to all that know him as the Son of God.  Nobody sees the Holy Spirit, but he joins with the spirit of those that know Jesus.  The Holy Spirit helps a person to follow Jesus and to do good things.


Hope

To look for a future thing that God has promised.

 
 

I

Idol

An object made of wood, stone or metal for people to worship* instead of the real God; an image of a person or object that people worship* instead of God; a false god; something that we love more than God and put in his place.


Israel

Jacob’s new name from God; all the people born of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob and their children; the group of people God chose; that part of the land that God gave to the people of Israel where a king of the north ruled; all the people that are Jews*.


Israelites

The people of Israel; the people that are Jews*and live in Israel.

 

J

Jew

A person who is from the family of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob; a person who follows the faith*of the Jews.


Judge

A person who says what is right or wrong; a person who decides if someone has done right or wrong; to decide what is right or wrong; to speak against someone who has done wrong.


Judgement

When God says what is right or wrong; when somebody says who is good or bad; when people are tested by God or Christ.


Justice

The quality of being completely fair and being right; the way that God is right in dealing with all that he has made; the correct thing that God does with all that he has made.


Justified

To be made right with God through the death and return to life of Jesus Christ; to say someone is made right with God.

K

Kingdom

Where a king rules; a land where a king rules. The kingdom of God is where God rules.

 

L

Lamb

A small sheep like the animals given as a sacrifice*to God in the temple*.


Lamb of God

Jesus is called the Lamb of God.  This shows that Jesus was the sacrifice*that was offered for us.  He did this so that God could forgive*the bad things we do.


Lord

The name for God in the Bible*; a name we use for Jesus when we obey him; someone with authority. This means that God is ruler over all.

 

M

Mercy/Merciful

Being kind to bad people; help to those who are in need or difficulty; the love God shows in forgiving; God’s love and goodness; God’s pity towards all he has made.


Messiah

The special servant of God; the name God chose for Jesus Christ; the person that God sent to save people from God’s anger against their sin* and to be their king; the only one who can put people right with God; the one who will come again to rule over God’s kingdom* for ever; God’s anointed one.  Christ is the Greek word for Messiah.  God promised the Jews*that the Messiah would save them and be their king.  They did not believe Jesus was the Messiah when he came.  Jews* are still waiting for a Messiah.


Miracle

Wonderful works that God does by his power; a wonderful thing that shows that a person’s message is from God.


Mystery

A thing that is hidden; a thing that we do not know or can not understand; a thing that we can only know if God helps us know it.

 

N

New Testament

The last part of the Bible, which the writers wrote after Jesus rose up from the dead.  It is about the things that Jesus did and taught and about the church*.

 
 

O

Offering

A gift for God (or false gods) from the priest and people; an animal to be offered as a sacrifice*.


Old Testament

The first part of the Bible; the holy* books that men wrote before Jesus was born.

 

P

Passover

An important holy* day for the Jews*. They ate a special meal on this day every year. This was to remember that God freed them from being slaves in Egypt at the time of Moses.


Parable

A story, like those told by Jesus, to explain the things that he taught; a saying or a story from which you can understand two things or where something is hidden.


Paradise

The place of God where people who know God go when they die; the place of a person’s spirit* after the death of their body, for those who know God.


Peace

When we do not fight God or other people; when we have no troubles in our mind or spirit*; when we are friendly towards other people.


Pentecost

The time each year when the Jews* thank God for their food; the time when God gave the Holy Spirit* to the church*.

Pharisee

A group of Jews* who thought they kept all God’s commands.  They did not like the things that Jesus taught.  They thought that they did not have any wrong ways, so they became very proud.


Praise

To say how good a person is; to tell God how great he is, as when we are praying and singing to him.


Preach

To tell the good news about Jesus Christ to someone or a group of people; to explain the truth about God.


Priest

A man who gave gifts and burned animals as a sacrifice* to God for the Jews*; a man God chose to serve him; a man who made sacrifices to false gods.


Prophecy

Words and stories that God gave to a person; words that tell of things that will happen in the future; the words that a prophet*speaks or writes.


Prophesy

To tell of things that will happen in the future; to speak with God’s (or a false god’s) help and on God’s (or a false god’s) behalf.


Prophet

Those who were able to tell other people what God wanted; people who spoke for God a long time ago; someone who told of things that would happen in the future; a person who spoke the words that God gave them to speak.


Psalms/Psalm

Songs that tell God how good and great he is, and what he has done for us; songs for when we are praising God; one of the books of the Old Testament*.

 

R

Redeem

When someone pays the price so that a person in a prison can be let out; to get back by giving money; to get back, to bring back from a dangerous place, when you have help out of a problem; what Christ did when he gave his life so that God could forgive* us for the bad things we have done.


Repent

To turn from sin* to do what God wants us to do; to decide not to do the bad things you did before; when you turn your mind away from bad things.


Resurrection

To be raised from death, to come alive again after you have died.


Revelation

Something God makes known to people; the name of the last book of the Bible.


Righteous/Righteousness

The act of meeting God’s standards of right; when God makes a person right with him; people God sees as clean and not his enemies.

S

Sabbath

A day of rest in which the people are not allowed to work. In the Old Testament* it was Saturday (from sunset on Friday to sunset on Saturday); day seven of the week for the Jews*. It is a special day for the Jews*, for doing what is pleasing to God.


Sacred

That which is set apart for God; something God has kept for himself; a thing that God makes holy*.


Sacrifice

To kill an animal as an offering to God so that God will forgive* an evil* thing.  The Israelites were told to make sacrifices to God.  Usually, it was a special animal that the priests killed and burned on the altar*.  Some people made sacrifices to false gods.  Something a person gives up for a special purpose can also be called a sacrifice; giving up something that is important to you on behalf of someone (God); offering yourself to work for God; Christ’s death for us.


Saint

A holy* person; everyone who trusts* Jesus as Lord*; a name for all of the people of God.


Salvation

When God rescues a person from the result and power of sin*; to save a person from the bad results of the bad things in their lives.


Satan/Devil

A name for the worst of the bad spirits; the lead enemy of God; the evil* one known also as the Devil; the leader of the evil* spirits; the enemy of God and all God does.


Saviour

Jesus, the one who saves us; the one who rescues; someone who will bring us to back God from the bad things we have done; someone who saves us from the bad things other people have done to us.


Scripture

The writings of God’s holy* words; another name for the Bible*; the book which tells God’s truth and shows that the Jesus is Lord*, the saviour* and Messiah*.


Scroll

A long piece of paper or animal’s skin.  It is fixed round two poles of wood.  It usually has writing on it.


Shepherd

A person who cares for a group of sheep.  The Bible* sometimes says that God is like a shepherd.  He cares for his people.  Jesus said that he was the good shepherd.  He would give his life for his people (sheep).


Sin/Sinned/Sinful

When people do things against God or other people; when we do not obey the commands of God; when we do not do what God wants us to do; the evil* that is in us which we have from birth.


Sinner

A person that breaks God’s rules; a person who does things against God.


Soul

The part of a person that we cannot see that is in us during our life, and lives after we die.  God gave a soul to Adam and Eve when he breathed life into them.  The soul of a person is sometimes called the person’s spirit*.


Spirit

A being that does not have a body and no one can see it.  God is spirit.  God made other spirit beings (angels*) that we cannot see, who can be good or bad.  The spirit of a person is sometimes called the person’s soul.

T

Temple

The house Solomon built to honour God; a special building the Jews* made to honour God. They went there to meet and talk to God. The temple was in the city of Jerusalem. Other nations made temples to honour false gods.


Testament

Another word for covenant*; a special agreement or promise. When God and people agree to a special thing, they make a covenant*. An agreement between two or more people.


Throne

A special chair where a king sits. It is the place the king rules from.


Tribe

A group that has a common beginning or purpose. The sons of Jacob each had families. Those families became known as the tribes of Israel. The tribes were named after the sons of Jacob.


Trinity

The word we use to speak of the one God that is three persons; the word we use to speak of God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit*.


Trust

To follow something or someone you think is true; to believe in someone or something; to have faith* and act in faith*; to believe in someone you think speaks the truth.

V

Virgin

Someone who has never been with another person to have sex.  Jesus’ mother Mary was a virgin when God came to her.  She had never been with a man.


Vision

A dream that someone can have while they are awake.  In the Bible, God uses visions to speak to his people.  God gave the prophets* visions to show what he wanted them to say to the people.  Not all visions come from God.


Vow

A promise.  Most often in the Bible*, it is a sacred* promise made to or before God.  It is a sin* to make a careless vow or to not keep the vow you have made.

W

Worship

The way we should act when we are with God.  We honour him with prayer.  We sing and speak praise* to him.  We bend down before him to honour him.  Worship is a way that we show that God is great and we love him.  To show honour to God; to act in ways that please God.  Some people do not worship God.  They worship false gods.


Wrath

What a person feels when they are very angry; what a person does when they are very angry.  The wrath of God is the right thing he feels when he is angry with sin*; the right thing God does when he is angry with people who sin*.

Z

Zion

Another name for the city of Jerusalem; the city of God’s people; the holy mountain in Jerusalem; the city of God in heaven*.

 

PEOPLE

A

Aaron

Aaron was the brother of Moses.  He helped him lead the people out of Egypt.  He was the first high priest.  But he did not always lead the people in a wise way.


Abraham

Abraham is the father of all of the Jews.  His name was Abram.  Then God changed his name.  God made a promise to him.  He said that Abraham’s family would become a great nation.  God would bless* all of the other nations through one of his children.


Absalom

Absolum was David’s son.  He turned against his father and tried to take the kingdom* from him.  He died in battle.  This made David very sad.


Adam

Adam was the first man that God made.  God made Adam from the dust of the ground.


Adonijah

Adonijah was a son of David.  He thought he would be the next king.  But David decided that he would not be the next king.  Solomon would be king instead.


Agrippa

Agrippa was a Roman.  He was a ruler when Paul was in prison.  He heard Paul speak and said that he should not be in prison.  But he did not let him go free.


Agur

Agur was not from the family of Jacob.  But he was very wise.  Many of his wise words are included in the book of Proverbs.


Amaziah

Amaziah was a king of Judah.  He was king before the exile*.  He won a great battle.    But he did not follow God’s ways.


Ammon

Ammon was one of the sons of Lot with one of his daughters.  Ammon became a nation east of the Jordan River.  The Ammonites often fought against Israel*.


Amos

Amos was a prophet*who spoke to the people of Israel*.  His book is one of the books of the minor prophets*.


Angel

An angel is a spirit* being.  God created* them to serve him.  Sometimes, he used the angels to carry a message for him.  God made so many angels that we can not count them.  But not all of the angels followed God.  Some of them turned away from him.  They became the enemies of God.  They became known as evil* spirits*.  Satan* is their leader.  Some day, God will throw Satan* and his angels into a fire that never goes out.


Apollos

Apollos was a Jew* who followed Jesus.  He could speak well.  He helped people in Ephasus know how to follow Jesus.


Apostles

An Apostle was a man sent to speak for Jesus.  Jesus chose these men.  Each of them spent time with Jesus.  Each of them saw Jesus after he came back from death.  God used them to start his church* and give us the New Testament*.


Asaph

Asaph helped people worship* during the time David was king.  He wrote many songs.  Some of these songs are included in the book of Psalms.


Assyrians

The Assyrians were the enemies of God’s people.  They lived in the land of Assyria.  They had a great army.  They made war against God’s people for many years.  One day, they came and carried many people away.

B

Balaam

Balaam was a prophet*.  But he was not a prophet* from Israel*.  One of the foreign kings asked him to curse* the army of Israel*.  He would not do it.  But he was not a good man or a wise prophet*.  He was on his way to do a foolish thing when the animal he was riding would not go any further.  When he spoke to the animal, the animal spoke back to him.


Beast

The Beast is one of the enemies of God in the last book of the Bible.  He tries to fight against God.  But Jesus overcomes him.  He puts the Beast into a fire that never goes out.


Belshazzar

Belshazzar was a king in Babylon.  He had a party.  During the party, he brought out the things his father took from the temple*.  He showed no respect for these things.  He showed no respect for God.  A hand appeared and wrote a message on the wall.  Soon after that, the Persians destroyed Babylon.


Benjamin

Benjamin was the youngest son of Jacob.  His land was in the south.  After Israel broke in two, his family stayed in the land of Judah.  Years later, Paul was born into this family.


Bildad

Bildad was one of the friends of Job.  He gave Job some advice.  His advice was not helpful.


Boaz

Boaz lived during the time of the judges.  He owned land in Israel*.  When he saw a young woman getting grain from his field, he became interested in her.  Not long after, he took her as his wife.  Her name was Ruth.

C

Canaanites

These were the people from the land of Canaan.  Before the children of Abraham lived there, the land was called Canaan.  This was the name of the land that God promised to give Abraham.


Caesar

Caesar was the title for the king of the Romans.  The Bible mentions many of these men.  The first one was the king who was in control when Jesus was born.


Cain

Cain was the son of Adam and Eve.  He became angry with God and killed his brother.


Caleb

Caleb was a soldier during the time of Moses.  He was a friend of Joshua.  He went into the land that God gave to Abraham.


Christ

Christ is a title that is used to name Jesus.  It means ‘the chosen one’.  It is a way that the early Christians said that Jesus was the Messiah*.


Christians

The word Christian means one who follows Christ.  This was not a name that they chose for themselves.  People started calling them Christians because they were always talking about Christ.  They lived the way that Jesus lived too.


Church

The church is a group of people who know God.  It is a group of people who believe in Jesus.  The church began when many people heard Peter speak and believed.  They believed what he said about Jesus.  More and more people believed.  And the church grew and grew.


Colossians

Colossians were the people who lived in the city of Colosse.  There were many people there who believed in Jesus.  Paul met many people from this city.  He wrote a letter to help them know more about Jesus.  That letter is now a part of the Bible.


Cornelius

Cornelius was a Roman soldier.  But he showed respect for the God of Israel*.  An angel* came to him and told him to go and get Peter.  Peter had some words for him.  He did send for Peter.  He came.  Cornelius believed what Peter said.  He is the first Gentile* mentioned in the book of Acts.


Creator/Maker

Creator is the name used for God because he made all things.  He created*all of the things we can see and things that we can not see.


Cyrus

Cyrus was the King of Persia.  He told the Jews that they could go back to their land after they had been in exile*.

D

Daniel

Daniel was a prophet* during the exile*.  He lived in Babylon.  God helped him know how to understand dreams.  God told him many things about the future.


David

David was the king of all of Israel*.  God made a promise to David.  He told David that one of his son’s would be king for ever.


Deborah

Deborah was one of the judges.  She helped Israel* overcome her enemies.  She was also like a prophet*.  She spoke for God to the people.  Her story can be found in the book of the Judges.  One of her songs is recorded there as well.


Devil/Satan

The Devil is another name for Satan.  Satan is the leader of the evil* spirits*.  He is the enemy of God.  He came into the garden to fool Adam and Eve.  He caused Job many problems.  But God will not let him go without being punished for ever.  God will throw him into a fire that will never go out.

E

Elihu

Elihu was one of the friends of Job.  He gave Job some advice.  His advice was not helpful.


Elijah

Elijah was a prophet*.  He spoke for God to the people of Israel*.  The king did not like Elijah.   The queen did not like him either.  But God watched over him.  He did many wonders in Israel*.  He overcame many of the prophets*of the false god Baal.


Eliphaz

Eliphaz was one of the friends of Job.  He gave Job some advice.  His advice was not helpful.


Elisha

Elisha was a prophet*.  For many years, he helped Elijah.  When Elijah went to be with God, Elisha took his place.  He did many wonders in the land.  God gave him great power.


Elizabeth

Elizabeth had a son in her old age.  She named him John.  He became a prophet*.  One day, he baptized* Jesus.  She was related to Mary, the mother of  Jesus.  Mary went to visit her before she gave birth to Jesus.   


Epaphroditus

Epaphroditus was a leader in the church* at Philippi.  He came to visit Paul when he was in prison.  He brought him money as well.  While he was there, he got sick.  When he got better, he went back home.  Paul called him a brother and a partner.


Ephesians

Ephesians were people were from the city of Ephesus.  There was a strong church* there.  Paul spent time there and taught them many things.  He wrote a letter to the people there.  That letter is now a part of the Bible*.


Esau

Esau was the oldest son of Isaac.  His did not get the blessing that should have been his. His children did not follow God.


Esther

Esther lived in the land of Persia.  She was a Jew*.  She became the queen.  She helped to save her people from their enemies.


Eve

Eve was the first woman God made.  God made Eve from a bone from Adam’s side.


Ezekiel

Ezekiel was a priest and a prophet*.  He lived in Babylon during the exile*.  He spoke for God to the people there.  God asked him to do many strange things to get his message to the people.  He always obeyed.  He told them that God would punish Babylon.  And they would go back to their home land some day.


Ezra

Ezra was a priest after the exile*.  He led some of the people back to the land.  He taught them to follow God again.

F

False Prophet (the)

The False Prophet* is one of the enemies of God in the last book of the Bible.  He tells lies and fools many people.

G

Gaius

Gaius was a leader in church* and a friend of John.  He says many good things about this man in his letter.


Galatians

These were the people who lived in an area called Galatia.  There were many cities in that area.  It belonged to Rome.  But there were many churches there.  Paul wrote them a letter.  He was concerned that they no longer believed what he told them.  He told them to stand against false teachers.


Gentiles

Gentile was the name given to any people that were not Jews*.  No matter what nation people came from, if they were not Jews*, they were called Gentiles*.


Giants

Giants are men or women that are very big – much bigger than most people.  There were giants in the land when David was a young man.  They lived in the land for many years after that too.


Gideon

Gideon was one of the judges.  He drove Israel’s* enemies out of the land.  God came to him and told him what to do.  Gideon had a very small army.  But he overcame a large army with God’s help.


Goliath

Goliath was a giant who fought for the enemies of Israel*.  David killed him with a stone.


Gomer

Gomer was the wife of Hosea the prophet*.  She was not loyal to him.

H

Habakkuk

Habakkuk was a prophet*.  He spoke for God to the people of Judah.  He was unhappy about the many problems in Judah.  So he asked God to make things right.  God spoke to him and said that he was going to send an evil* nation to punish Judah.  This did not make Habakkuk happy.  He told us the story in his book.


Hagar

Hagar was Sarah’s maid.  Abraham had a child with her.  This caused many problems.


Haggai

Haggai was a prophet*.  He spoke for God to the people who returned from exile*.  He wanted them to return to God.  He told them to repair the temple*.


Haman

Haman was a servant of the king of Persia.  He hated the Jews*.  He decided he would make a plan to kill them.  But Mordecai discovered his plan.  When the king found out that Haman was a bad man, he hanged him.  His plan did not work and the Jews* did not die.


Hezekiah

Hezekiah was a king of Judah.  While he was the king, an army overcame Israel* and Samaria in the north.  He did many good things.  He repaired the temple*.  He made the priest help people worship* God again.  But his life did not end well.  Enemies came to Judah that he could not overcome.  They took away the wealth of the land and of the temple*.


Hosea

Hosea was a prophet*.  He spoke for God to the people of Israel*.  God told Hosea to marry a woman.  This woman was not loyal to Hosea.  So God used this to show that Israel* had not been loyal to God either.

I

Isaac

Isaac was the son of Abraham.  God gave him to Abraham in his old age.  He was the son that God had promised him.


Isaiah

Isaiah was a prophet* in Judah.  He spoke for God to the kings of Judah.  He wrote a book that is part of the major prophets*.


Israel

Israel was the name God gave to Jacob.  He had 12 sons.  His children were called the children of Israel.  Israel also became the name of the nation that grew from his family.  When the people got into the land God gave them, Israel was the name they gave it.

J

Jacob

Jacob was the son of Isaac.  He had many sons.  God spoke with Jacob and changed his name to Israel*.  His children became known as the children of Israel*.  When there was no food in the land, they went to Egypt to find food.  Jacob died there.  His family stayed there for 400 years.


James

James was a leader in the first church*.  He was a brother of Jesus.  He wrote a letter that is part of the Bible*.


Jephthah

Jephthah was a judge*.  He helped keep the people of Israel* safe.  He also made a foolish promise.


Jeremiah

Jeremiah was a prophet* to the people who lived in Jerusalem.  He lived before the city was burned.


Jeroboam

Jeroboam was a king.  The nation of Israel* became two nations.  One nation was in the north.  One nation was in the south.  Jeroboam became the first king of the nation in the north.  That nation was named Israel*.


Jesse

Jesse was a man from the family of Judah.  He had many sons.  God chose his son David to be the king of Israel*.


Jesus

Jesus is the son of God.  He came into the world to rescue people from their sin*.  He is the Messiah* that people waited for for so long.


Jews

A Jew is person who is from the family of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.  A Jew is a person who believes the faith* of the Jews.  They are also called Hebrews*.  Anyone who was a part of the nation of Israel* became known as a Jew*.


Jezebel

Jezebel was the evil* queen of King Ahab.  She was angry with Elijah.  She wanted to kill him.  She did not succeed.  She died a terrible death.


Joab

Joab was a soldier.  He was part of the army of king David.  He helped him fight against his enemies.


Job

Job was a man who followed God.  He suffered many things for a long time.  Satan* took his family and made him sick.  But God gave him back all that he had lost.


Joel

Joel was a prophet* to Judah.  He said that God would judge* the nations some day.  He called that day the ‘Day of the Lord*’.


John

John was an Apostle*.  He was a very close friend of Jesus as well.  He listened carefully to Jesus and wrote many of the things he said in his book.  When he was an old man, God gave him a vision*.  He wrote what he saw in the last book of the Bible.


John the Baptist

John the Baptist was the man who went before Jesus to prepare the way.  He called people to turn from their sin*.  He baptized* Jesus.


Jonah

Jonah was a prophet*.  God told him to go speak to Nineveh.  Jonah tried to run away.  A big fish swallowed him.  Then he did what God asked him to do.  But he was not happy when people turned back to God.


Joseph

Joseph was the favourite son of his father Jacob.  His brothers hated him.  They sold him to people that were going to Egypt.  He faced many difficult things.  But God used him to rescue his family when there was no food to eat.


Joshua

When Moses died, Joshua became the leader of God’s people.  He led them into the land God promised them.


Joshua the High Priest

Joshua was the High Priest after the exile*.  He served at the temple* when the people came back to Israel*.


Josiah

Josiah was a king in Judah.  He became king when he was just a boy.  He grew to become one of Judah’s best kings.  He pushed the foreign armies out of the land.  He made repairs to the temple*.  When he found the ‘book of the law of Moses’ in the temple*, he led the people to worship* God again.  The people followed Josiah for many years.


Judah

Judah was one of the sons of Jacob.  When his father was dying, he blessed* him.  He said that his family would rule the others.  David was from that family.  Many years later, Jesus was born from the family of Judah.


Jude

Jude was the brother of Jesus.  He wrote a letter to warn the church* about false teachers.


Judges

God chose new leaders after Joshua died.  These men and women were called judges.  They helped keep Israel* safe from its enemies.

K

Korah

Korah was from the family of Levi.  He was unhappy with Moses.  So he tried to turn the people away from following him.  But God was not pleased with Korah.  God opened a large hole in the earth.  Korah and his friends fell in and the earth swallowed them up.

L

Lamb of God (The)

The Lamb was the name that John called Jesus.  The name was like a title.  It means that Jesus is like a small sheep that someone brought to sacrifice* at the temple*.


Lazarus

Lazarus was a friend of Jesus.  Jesus sometimes stayed at his home.  He became sick and died.  Jesus raised him from the dead.


Lemuel

Lemuel was a king.  He was wise.  Some of the wise things he said are included in the book of Proverbs.


Levi

Levi was one of the sons of Jacob.  The men from his family became priests.  They helped the people worship* God.  They took care of God’s Tent.


Levites

Levites was the name given to the sons of Levi.  They were the priest for God’s people.  They helped the people worship* God.  They took care of God’s Tent.


Lord

The Lord is the name that is used most often of God.  It tells us that God is the One who is in control.  There is no one with more authority than God.  Jesus is also called Lord* in the New Testament*.


Luke

Luke was a man who followed Jesus.  He was not an Apostle*.  But he knew many of these men and heard their stories.  He sometimes went with Paul on his trips.  His book about Jesus is in the Bible.  It is one of the gospels*.

M

Maker/Creator

The Maker is the name used for God because he made all things.  He created* all of the things we can see and things that we can not see.


Malachi

Malachi was a prophet*.  He spoke to the people of Judah that came back from the exile.  His book is the last book of the minor prophets*.


Mark

Mark was a young man when he began to follow Jesus.  He spent time with Peter.  He told the story of Jesus in the book that bears his name.


Mary

Mary was the mother of Jesus.  She cared for him as a boy.  She was there when he died on the cross*.  Remember: There are many different women named Mary in the New Testament*.


Matthew

Matthew collected taxes before he met Jesus.  Jesus called him to leave his job and follow him.  Matthew was an Apostle*.


Melchizedek

Melchizadek was a priest.  He met Abraham and blessed* him.  The book of Hebrews says that Jesus was a priest like him.


Messiah

Messiah is a title.  It means ‘the one God chose to anoint*’.  Samuel put oil on David to show that God had chosen him to be king.  So the Jews used the name Messiah to refer to the king that God would send to rescue the people.  He was the king who would build God’s kingdom*.  That kingdom* would last for ever.  So people called this king the Messiah.  He was the one God chose.


Micah

Micah was a prophet*.  He spoke to the people of Israel* before the army of Assyria attacked them.


Moab

Moab was a son of Lot and one of his daughters.  Moab was a kingdom to the east of the kingdom of Judah.  Moab fought against Israel for many years.


Mordecai

Mordecai was Esther’s uncle.  He was a Jew.  He knew that some bad people wanted to kill all of the Jews.  He helped Esther stop them from hurting the Jews.


Moses

Moses was born in Egypt when Jacob’s family lived there.  God chose Moses to help the Jews.  He rescued them and brought them out of Egypt.

N

Naaman

Naaman was a soldier.  He was the leader of the army of a foreign king.  He was a brave man.  But he was a very sick.  He came to Elisha to see if he would help.  Elisha told him to go bathe in the river seven times.  This made Naaman angry at first.  But when he did what Elisha told him to do, he was healed and made clean.


Nadab and Abihu

Nadab was the oldest son of Aaron.  He and Abihu were priests.  But they did not follow the instruction of the Lord*.  They did not burn the offering the way they were supposed to.  So God sent fire to kill them both.


Nahum

Nahum was a prophet*.  He lived In Judah.  He spoke for God against the people of Ninevah.  Years before he spoke, Ninevah had come down into Israel*.  The army was very cruel.  They killed many people.  They took many people away in exile*.  Now God was going to punish them.  He would send an army to destroy Ninevah.  God would make it so.  There was nothing they could do to stop him.


Naomi

Naomi was a woman from the land of Israel*.  She lived during the time of the judges.  She went to another land to find food when there was no food in Israel*.  Her husband died there.  When she came back to her home, a young woman named Ruth came with her.


Nathan

Nathan was a prophet* during the time of David.  He told David what God wanted to say.  He told David a story that led him to repent* of the sin* he had done.


Nebuchadnezzar

Nebuchadnezzar was the king of Babylon.  He came to Israel* with his army.  After many years of war, he came in and burned the temple*.  He took many people away into exile*.


Nehemiah

Nehemiah served the king of Persia.  He was a Jew*.  He heard that his people needed help.  He went back to the land.  He helped the people build the wall.


Nicodemus

Nicodemus was a ruler of the Jews*.  He came to Jesus to ask him some important questions.  He was there when Jesus died.  He helped to bury his body.


Noah

Noah was the man God chose to build a boat.  When the flood came, Noah and his family were safe in the boat.  God covered the land with water and all of the other people died.  God told Noah and his family to fill the earth with people again after that.

O

Obadiah

Obadiah was a prophet*.  He spoke for God to the people of Edom.  The nation had not been kind to Judah.  Now God would not be kind to them.  A powerful army would come against them.  No one would remember them after that.  But God would bring his people back to their land.  This is what he promised to do.


Onesimus

Onesimus was a slave.  He ran away from his master.  He met Paul and helped him when he was in prison.  He also believed what Paul said about Jesus.  Paul sent a letter to his master to ask him to be kind to him.  That letter is now part of the Bible.

P

Paul/Saul

Paul was a man that did not believe in Jesus.  His name was Saul then.  Jesus came to him and made him an Apostle*.  That is when Jesus changed his name to Paul.  He wrote many letters.  Some of those letters are now in the Bible*.


Peter/Simon Peter

Peter was an Apostle*.  He was one of the first people to see Jesus after he came back from death.  God used him to help the church* get started.


Pharaoh

Pharaoh was the title for the king in Egypt.  There was a Pharaoh in Egypt when Moses lived there.  He did not want to let the people of Israel* leave.  But God did many miracles* and he changed his mind.


Pharisees

Pharisees were men who were leaders of the Jews* when Jesus was on earth.  They tried to follow the laws of Moses.  They did not want people to follow Jesus.  They were the people who wanted Jesus to be killed.


Philemon

Philemon was a friend of Paul.  He was wealthy and owned many slaves.  Paul knew one of the slaves that had run away from Philemon.  He wrote him a letter to ask him to take that slave back.  He wanted him to think of the slave as a brother.


Philip

Philip served the new church* in Jerusalem.  He helped give food to the widows there.  God used him to tell many people about Jesus in many places.


Philippians

Philippians were people from the city of Philippi.  There were many people there that believed the good news about Jesus.  Paul wrote a letter to the church* there.  He wanted to thank them for helping him do his work.  That letter is now part of the Bible*.


Priests

The priests in Israel* were the men who helped people worship* God.  The priest began to do this work when Moses was the leader.  They took care of God’s Tent.  They made the sacrifices* for the people.  When Solomon built the temple*, they took care of it.  They served the people up until the time that Jesus lived and for many years after.


Prophets

Prophets were men that spoke for God.  God told them what to say and they told people what God had said.

Q

Queen of Sheba

This queen visited Solomon to see his city and look at his kingdom*.  She was impressed with what he had done.

R

Rahab

Rahab was a woman who lived in Jericho.  When Joshua sent men to look at the land, she hid them and kept them safe.  Later, the army of Israel* spared her and her family.


Rechabites (the)

The Rechabites were a family that Jeremiah talked about in his book.  They made a promise to their father.  They would not break that promise even when the prophet* told them to.


Rehoboam

Rehoboam was the son of king Solomon.  When Solomon died, he became king of all of Israel*.  But he was not wise.  He told the people that they must pay more taxes and work harder than they did for his father.  The people turned against him.  Ten families in the north broke away.  They made their own nation and chose their own king.  Rehoboam stayed in Judah and became its first king.


Romans

Romans were the people who lived in the city of Rome.  Or they were people who were part of the nation ruled from Rome.


Ruth

Ruth married one of Naomi’s sons.  She followed Naomi and her God.  She married Boaz.  Her story is found in the book of Ruth.

 

S

Samaritans

Samaritans were the people that lived in Samaria.  They were part Jews*, but they did not worship* the same way that the Jews* did.  The Jews*did not like the Samaritans.


Samson

Samson was a judge* in Israel*.  He had long hair.  That hair was a sign that he was set apart for God.  It made him very strong.  He won many battles.  But he was not careful to obey God.  He killed many of the enemies of God when he died.


Samuel

Samuel was the last of the judges* of Israel.  He was also a prophet*.  God used him to make David the king of Israel*.


Sanballat and Tobia

These two men lived in Jerusalem after the exile*.  When the people came back to the land, these two men tried to oppose them.  They tried to stop them from repairing the wall that surrounded the city.


Sarah

Sarah was the wife of Abraham.  God promised that she would have a son when she was old.  She gave birth to a son named Isaac.


Satan/Devil

Satan is the leader of the evil* spirits.  He is the enemy of God.  He came into the garden to fool Adam and Eve.  He caused Job many problems.  But God will not let him go without being punished for ever.  God will throw him into a fire that will never go out.


Saul

Saul was the first king of Israel*.  He was a strong leader at first.  But he was not patient and careful to obey God.  Saul died and David became king.


Serpent/Snake

The serpent was the animal that spoke to Eve in the garden.  The serpent was really Satan*.  He lied to Eve and got her to doubt God.


Servant of the Lord

The servant of the Lord* is a name Isaiah used to talk about the Messiah*.  He would come to rescue his people.


Shulamite

The Shulamite is a name for the woman in the book of the Song of Solomon.  She loved a young man.  He loved her.  The book is about what they said to each other.


Silas

Silas was one of Paul’s friends.  They went many places.  They told people the good news about Jesus.  They helped the churches every place they went.


Simon Peter

Simon Peter was an Apostle*.  He was one of the first people to see Jesus after he came back from death.  God used him to help the church* get started.  He is best known by the name Peter.


Solomon

Solomon was David’s son.  He was the king after David died.  God made him very wise.


Stephen

Stephen was part of the first church* in Jerusalem.  The people trusted him.  When the widows needed food, the church* asked Stephen to help them.  He died because he spoke about Jesus.  Some of the Jews* were angry with him.  They threw stones at him until he died.

T

Thessalonians

Thessalonians were the people from Thessalonica. Paul visited that place on one of his trips.  Many people listened to him.  Many of them decided to follow Jesus.  He wrote two letters to them.  Both of those letters are now part of the Bible.


Thomas

Thomas was an Apostle*.  He was there when Jesus died.  But he was not there the first time people saw Jesus after he rose from death.  So Thomas doubted.  But, when he did see Jesus, he believed.


Timothy

Timothy was a young man who was like a son to Paul.  He helped lead the church* and choose leaders for it.  Paul wrote two letters to help him know how to care for the church*.


Titus

Titus was a young man that helped Paul.  He also helped God’s people in many ways.  Paul wrote him a letter so he would know how to care for the church*.  That letter is now in the Bible*.


Tychicus

Tychicus was a friend of Paul.  He went with him on some of his trips.  He helped him collect money for the poor people in Jerusalem.  When Paul wrote his letter to Ephesus, Tychicus took it there for him.

U

Uzzah

Uzzah was a man that lived during the time of David.  He saw the special ark* of God come by on a wagon.  He thought it was going to fall off so he touched it.  When he touched the ark*, God took away his life.


Uzziah

Uzziah was a king in Israel*.  He lived during the time of Isaiah.  He did many good things.  Soon after he died, Isaiah went to the temple* and had a special vision* of God.

 

V

Vashti

Vashti was the queen of Persia.  She would not dance at the kings party.  So the king decided to choose a new queen.  After some time, Esther became the next queen.

 

X

Xerxes

Xerxes was the king of Persia.  He told his queen to dance for him at a party.  When she refused, he decided to choose a new queen.  Esther was the queen he chose.

 

Z

Zechariah

Zechariah was a prophet*.  He was also a priest*.  He spoke for God to the people of Judah.  He was a prophet* after the people came back from exile*.  He told the people to remember God and finish the work on the temple*.


Zephaniah

Zephaniah was a prophet*.  He spoke for God to the people of Judah.  He saw many things that needed to be changed.  The people were not living for God.  They were not acting in kind ways to one another.  He told them to repent*.  It is possible that his words led King Josiah to lead the people back to God.


Zerubbabel

Zerubbabel was a Jew*.  He was born in Babylon.  He was from the family of David.  He led many of the Jews* back to their home land.  Some of the prophets* said that God chose him to lead the people back to the land.


Zophar

Zophar was one of the friends of Job.  He gave Job some advice.  His advice was not helpful.

 

 

 

PLACES AND REGIONS

A

Africa

Africa is the large land south of Israel*.  People from that land believed on Jesus.  They became part of the church* when it first began.


Assyria

Assyria was a nation north of Israel.  For many years, it was the enemy of Israel*.  Assyria came and took many of the people in Israel* away into exile*.

B

Babel

Babel was a city in the land of Babylon.  It was the place where God confused the languages.


Babylon

Babylon was a nation to the north of Israel*.  For many years, it was an enemy of Judah.  One day, Babylon came into Judah and took many people away into exile*.


Bethel

Bethel was a village north of Jerusalem.  It was the place where Jacob saw a ladder that reached into heaven.


Bethlehem

Bethlehem was the village south of Jerusalem.  David was born there.  Jesus was born there as well.

C

Caesarea

Caesarea was a city on the sea coast.  It was named to honour Caesar, the ruler of Rome.  Paul stopped in this city on his way to Rome.


Canaan

Canaan was the name of the land that God promised to give Abraham.  Before the children of Abraham lived there, the land was called Canaan.  The territory began just across the Jordan River.


Colosse

Colosse was a city in Asia.  There were many people there that believed the good news about Jesus.  Paul wrote a letter to help the church* there.


Corinth

Corinth was a city in Asia.  Many people travelled through that city.  Paul helped to take the good news there.  He wrote many letters to help the church* in Corinth.


Crete

Crete is an island.  Paul helped the church* there.  He sent Titus there to tell them how to help and protect the church* at Crete.


Cush

Noah had a son named Ham.  Ham had four sons.  Cush was one of them.  His people settled in the north of Africa.  Cush became the name of that area.

E

Eden

Eden was the name of the garden God made for Adam and Eve.


Edom

Edom was the place where the family of Esau settled.  It was north of Judah.  The people built many towns there.  The name of that area was Edom.


Egypt

Egypt was a land to the south of Israel.  The sons of Jacob lived in Egypt for many years until Moses came to lead them out.  When Jesus was a small boy, his family went there for a while.


Ephesus

Ephesus was a town in Asia.  Paul travelled there and lived there for two years.  The church* there was strong.  Paul wrote a letter to help the church* there.

G

Galatia

Galatia was an area north of Israel*.  There were many towns and villages there.  Many people from that area heard the good news about Jesus.  Paul wrote a letter to help the church* there.


Garden (the)

God made the first man and woman.  He also made a special place for them to live.  They had everything they needed there.  That place was called the Garden.


God’s Tent

God told Moses to make the tent as a place for God to live with the people.  The people took the tent everywhere they went.  They took the tent into the land God promised them.

I

Israel

Israel was the name that people gave to the land God promised to Abraham.  After the nation divided, the land to the north was called Israel.  The land in the south was called Judah.

J

Jericho

Jericho was a town in the promised land.  Joshua overcame the city soon after he led Israel into the land.


Jerusalem

Jerusalem was the city where David lived.  Solomon built the temple* there.  It was the chief city of Judah.


Jordan River

The Jordan River was part of the border of Israel* on the east.  The people crossed this river to get into the land God promised to Abraham.  Later, Jesus was baptized in this river.


Judah

Judah was the name the people gave to the southern part of Israel.  After the nation divided, the land in the north was called Israel.  The land in the south was called Judah.

M

Moab and Ammon

Moab and Ammon were two countries near Israel*.  They were not friends of God’s people.  They made war with them.  They helped Israel’s* enemies.  The prophets* often spoke against these countries.

 

N

Ninevah

Ninevah was the capital city of Assyria.  God sent one of his prophets* there to give them a message.  Many years later, the people from Ninevah brought their army to make war on God’s people.  They killed many of them.  They took many into exile*.

P

Persia

Persia was a great nation.  It took control of Babylon after the people went into exile* there.  The leaders there allowed some of the people of Israel* to return to their land.


Philippi

Philippi was a city in Asia.  Paul went there to tell people the good news about Jesus.  Many people believed.  Paul wrote the church* in that city a letter to help them follow Jesus.  That letter is now part of the Bible*.


Philistia

Philistia was the territory on the south and west side of Israel*.  It was the land where the Philistines lived.  These people were enemies of Israel*.  They were a people who were good at war.


Promised Land (The)

The Promised Land is one of names for the land of Israel*.  It is the land that God promised to Abraham.

     
 

R

Rome

Rome was a city in Europe.  Rome was the capital city of the kingdom* of the Romans.

       
 

S

Samaria

Samaria was a city in Israel*.  It was the capital of the northern kingdom*.  Samaria was also the name given to the territory around that city.

T

Temple (The)

The Temple was the place Solomon built for God.  It was the place for Israel* to worship* God.  It was the place where people made sacrifices*.  It was the place where God could be with his people.

W

Wilderness (The)

The ‘wilderness’ was the place where Israel* wandered after they left Egypt.  It was a desert place.  God led them through the wilderness for 40 years.

Z

Zion

Another name for the city of Jerusalem; the city of God’s people; the holy mountain in Jerusalem; the city of God in heaven*.