SIN* AND LAW*
Q. Did Adam and Eve obey God and remain holy* and happy?
A. No, they did not obey. They chose to sin against God.
Q. What is sin*?
A. Sin is when we do not do what God tell us to do. And when we do what God forbids.
Romans 1:32; James 2:10-11; James 4:17; 1 John 3:4
Q. What does every sin* deserve?
A. Every sin* deserves the anger and punishment of God.
Deuteronomy 27:26; Romans 1:18; Romans 6:23;
Q. What was the sin* of our first parents?
A. They ate the fruit that God told them not to eat.
Genesis 2:16-17; Genesis 3:6
Q. Who tempted them to sin*?
A. The Devil* tempted Eve and she gave the fruit to Adam.
Genesis 3:1-5; John 8:44; 2 Corinthians 11:3;
Q. What happened to the world when our first parents sinned?
A. God spoke a curse upon the ground. And death came into the world, just as God had warned* them.
Genesis 2:15-17; Genesis 3:16-17
Q. What happened to our first parents when they sinned?
A. God cast Adam and Eve out of the garden. They were no longer holy* and happy. Instead, they were sinful* – guilty, ashamed and afraid.
Genesis 3:8-13; 16-19; 23
Q. Because Adam sinned, what happened to everyone who lived after him?
A. Every person who was born after Adam and
Eve was born sinful*.
Psalm 51:5; Romans 5:18-19; 1 Corinthians 15:21-22
Q. Did God leave the world under a curse? Did he leave people in their sin?
A. No, God chose to rescue them. God
promised to send a Saviour*.
Matthew 1:21; John 3:16-17; 1 John 4:14
Q. What is a covenant*?
A. A covenant is a serious promise between
two or more persons.
Q. What covenants did God make with the people of Israel*?
A. God promised to make Abraham’s family into a great nation. He promised to bless all the nations through Abraham. God gave Moses the law. He promised to be with Moses and to bless Israel if they obeyed him and followed the laws he gave them. God promised David that one of his sons would become a great king and rule forever. God promised that one day he would make a new covenant. He promised to forgive people’s sins and to change people’s hearts.
Genesis 12:1-3; Genesis 15; Exodus 24:3-7;
2 Samuel 7:16; Jeremiah 31:31-34
Q. What are the ten commands?
A. The ten commands are the words that God gave Moses for the people of Israel*. God himself wrote the ten commands on two stone tablets.
Exodus 31:18; Deuteronomy 9:10
Q. What are those commands?
A. 1. Do not put any other gods ahead of me.
2. Do not make for yourself an idol* nor worship* it.
3. Do not use the name of the Lord* your God in a wrong way.
4. Remember to keep the Sabbath* day holy.
5. Give honour* to your father and mother.
6. Do not murder anyone.
7. Do not commit adultery*.
8. Do not steal.
9. Do not tell lies against your neighbour.
10. Do not desire anything that belongs to your neighbour.
Q. What is the first command?
A. The first command is: Do not put any other
gods ahead of me.
Exodus 20:3; Isaiah 45:5-6
Q. What does the first command teach?
A. The first command teaches us to worship* God only.
Psalm 44:20-21; Matthew 4:10; Revelation 22:8-9
Q. What is the second command?
A. The second command is: Do not make for yourself an idol* nor worship* it.
Exodus 20:4-6; Deuteronomy 5:8-10
Q. What does the second command teach?
A. The second command teaches me not to worship idols* or images.
Isaiah 44:10-11; Isaiah 46:5-9; Acts 17:29
Q. What is the third command?
A. The third command is: Do not use the name of the Lord* your God in a wrong way.
Exodus 20:7; Deuteronomy 5:11
Q. What does the third command teach?
A. The third command teaches us that we should not use God’s name in a way that does not honour* him.
Isaiah 8:13; Psalm 138:2; Revelation 15:3-4
Q. What is the fourth command?
A. The fourth command is: Remember to keep
the Sabbath* day holy.
Exodus 20:8-11; Deuteronomy 5:12-15
Q. What does the fourth command teach?
A. The fourth command teaches us to honour* God in our rest, in our work and in our worship.
Exodus 16:23; Isaiah 58:13-14
Q. What is the fifth command?
A. The fifth command is: Give honour* to your
father and your mother.
Exodus 20:12; Deuteronomy 5:16
Q. What does the fifth command teach?
A. The fifth command teaches us to love and
to obey our parents.
Proverbs 1:8; Ephesians 6:1-3; Colossians 3:20
Q. What is the sixth command?
A. The sixth command is: Do not murder anyone.
Exodus 20:13; Deuteronomy 5:17
Q. What does the sixth command teach?
A. The sixth command teaches us not to hate other people or take away someone’s life.
Genesis 9:6; Matthew 5:21-22; 1 John 3:15
Q. What is the seventh command?
A. The seventh command is: Do not commit adultery*.
Exodus 20:14; Deuteronomy 5:18
Q. What does the seventh command teach?
A. The seventh command teaches us that we must not have sex with someone who is not our husband or wife.
Matthew 5:27-28; Ephesians 5:3-4
Q. What is the eighth command?
A. The eighth command is: Do not steal.
Exodus 20:15; Deuteronomy 5:19
Q. What does the eighth command teach?
A. The eighth command teaches us that we must not take things that belong to other people.
Exodus 23:4; Proverbs 21:6-7; Ephesians 4:28
Q. What is the ninth command?
A. The ninth command is: Do not tell lies
against your neighbour.
Exodus 20:16; Deuteronomy 5:20
Q. What does the ninth command teach?
A. The ninth command teaches us to be honest
and to tell the truth.
Psalm 15:1-3; Proverbs 12:17; 1 Corinthians 13:6
Q. What is the tenth command?
A. The tenth command is: Do not desire anything that belongs to your neighbour.
Exodus 20:17; Deuteronomy 5:21
Q. What does the tenth command teach?
A. The tenth command teaches us to be content*
with what we have.
Philippians 4:11; 1 Timothy 6:6; Hebrews 13:5
Q. Did the Jewish people obey the laws that God gave to Moses?
A. No. They broke God’s law and God punished them, as he had warned them.
Deuteronomy 9:12; Ezekiel 39:23
Q. Can any person keep God’s commands in every way?
A. Adam disobeyed God. Since that time, no mere man has been able to keep God’s commands in every way.
Ecclesiastes 7:20; Romans 3:23; James 2:10
Q. What do the ten commands show us?
A. The ten commands teach us that God is holy and good. They teach us how to show love for God and for our neighbor. They show us that we are sinful* and do not obey God. They show us that we need a Saviour*.
Ecclesiastes 12:13; 1 Timothy 1:8-9;
Romans 3:20; 5:13; 7:7-11; Galatians 3:19-24